The Heads of State and Government of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), who met at Montreux for the XIIIe summit of the Francophonie October 23 – 24, 2010, adopted a resolution for the “reinforcement of the cooperation among states in the fight against fake medicines and falsified medical products”.
This resolution was submitted to the members of the OIF by President Thomas Boni Yayi of Benin and President Blaise Compaoré of Burkina Faso earlier this year. Alongside Jacques Chirac, they have engaged in the fight against the traffic of falsified medicines through the launch of the Cotonou Declaration in October 2009 with the Fondation Chirac. This Declaration, that has been signed by some forty Heads of State, government ministers and international organizations, draws awareness to the increasing plague of which the first victims are the world’s poorest populations.
The objective of the Cotonou Declaration at the international level, is a comprehension legal response, and at the national level, better cooperation between civil society and the State regarding this public health issue.
This Declaration Highlights the three major areas that the traffic of fake medicines takes advantage of:
– Lack of information for professionals and the general public
– Insufficient training for technicians in quality control laboratory
– Insufficient legal instruments against traffickers and insufficient regulations regarding the distribution of medicines.
By adopting this resolution, the members of the OIF are recalling their engagement to provide access for all to quality health care and strengthening the international mobilization that could move the United Nations to adopt an International Convention Against Falsified Medicines.
Resolution on the Strengthening of the Cooperation among States to Fight Against Fake Medicines and Falsified Medical Products
We, the Heads of State and government of the countries with French in common, together the 23 and 24 of October 2010 at Montreux, Switzerland, at the XIIIe Summit of the Francophonie,
Recalling that the right to enjoy a better state of physical and mental health is one of the fundamental rights for all human beings;
Also recalling the Millennium Development Goals, particularly those regarding health;
Finding that the production, release and sale of fake medication and falsified medical products as well as the growth of this traffic constitute a grave threat for the health of the general public, particularly in developing countries;
Reaffirming the need to end this unacceptable situation;
Considering the fundamental role of the WHO to ensure that the safety, quality and efficiency of medical products is assured;
Recongnizing the international mobilization that has stemmed from the Cotonou Declaration, from the International Conference on Fake Medicines, held at Cotonou 12 October 2009;
Convinced that efficient action against fake medicines and falsified medical products requires reinforced cooperation among states and coordination between all of the relevant authorities, medical, law enforcement, customs agencies, and the judiciary:
We commit to:
– mobilize ourselves in an urgent manner to make the fight against fake medicines and falsified medical products a priority and to develop policies to assure the availability of medicines and medical products of quality, safe, efficient and at an affordable price for even the poorest of populations, particularly in developing countries;
– ask international forums to continue to support the implementation of concerted, multi sector actions, at the national, regional and international levels;
– reinforce human capacity and techniques in domain of the fight against fake medicines and falsified medical products, optimize the means of intervention and secure the distribution channels of medicines and medical products, notably by reinforcing the capacities of medical control laboratories;
– partake fully and actively in the work led by the WHO, in the domain of the fight against falsified medical products, with the goal of reinforcing international coordination and cooperation on this matter;
– support, the in frame of the existing international initiatives, national and regional conferences that will step up cooperation on this matter and eventually lead to legal instruments on the fight against fake medicines and falsified medical products.