Climate change and access to natural resources: peace threat according to the UN
Ban Ki-Moon underlined the fact that hundreds of millions of people around the world are constantly in danger of insufficient food and water, and that tensions between communities and countries are likely to grow because access to resources is increasingly scarce.
He stated from the UN‘s rostrum that, “Extreme weather events continue to grow more frequent and intense in rich and poor countries alike, … an unholy brew which can create dangerous security vacuums.”
This is a first for the Security Council, which, on Wednesday, July 20, adopted a Declaration recognizing the threats to peace brought about by global warming.
According to the IPCC scenarios, temperatures are expected to increase between 2 and 4° Celsius and sea levels to rise between 20 to 60 centimeters. Extreme weather events (droughts, storms, tornadoes, etc.) would therefore multiply and 200 million people forced to relocate.
The floods that struck Pakistan a year ago and the current drought in the Horn of Africa – where a state of emergency was declared by the FAO on Monday, July 25 – tragically illustrate this reality.