The World Health Organization (WHO):
Better access to essential, high–quality and affordable medical products (medicine, vaccinations, diagnostic products, and other health technologies) is one of the 6 “leadership priorities” of the WHO, a front line actor in the fight against falsified medical products.
The WHO publishes information and reports for both the general public and governments; it establishes definitions and recommendations; and is a privileged partner and even organizer of major international operations. The organization operates both preventively and repressively against the scourge of counterfeit medicine.
The IMPACT (International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce):
The 2006 Declaration of Rome (2006) determined that the WHO should lead operations and establish a work group to lead international collaboration in the fight against medical counterfeit. The resulting taskforce was named the International Medical Products Anti-Counterfeiting Taskforce (IMPACT).
The group brings together key players and aims to create a collaboration/cooperation between the different countries across the globe in order to stop the production, marketing, and sales of counterfeit medical and pharmaceutical products.
Among the Interpol’s many areas of activities (it is involved in fighting crime of all sorts), a notable crime area is Pharmaceutical Crime. The organization states that such crimes includes the “manufacture, trade and distribution of fake, stolen and illicit medicines and medical devices” as well as “counterfeiting and falsification of medical products, their packaging and associated documentation, as well as theft, fraud, illicit diversion, smuggling, trafficking, the illegal trade of medical products and the money laundering associated with it.”
They are tackling this major problem in three main ways:
- Coordinating operations in the field to disrupt transnational criminal networks;
- Delivering training in order to build the skills and knowledge of all those agencies involved in the fight against pharmaceutical crime;
- Building partnerships across a variety of sectors.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC):
World leader in the fight against drug trafficking and transnational crime, the UNODC helps States in the ratification and implementation of major international treaties and offers help to adopt legislation adapted to fighting against trafficking. This is a key step, especially concerning falsified medical products, which benefits in many countries from a legislative gap that leads to insufficient means of repressions.
World Customs Organization:
The WCO is a privileged partner of the UNODC and INTERPOL in the fight against all forms of trafficking and crime in general. By attacking the financial resources of organized crime (fiscal fraud, trade fraud, money laundering), the World Customs Organization (WCO) plays an important role in the battle against counterfeit medical products in its daily crackdowns at frontiers and import/export hubs (airports, ports…) and in its near systematic implication in major international operations to dismantle organized crime networks (operation BIYELA; operation PANGEA…).