Counterfeiting is defined as “the reproduction, imitation or the partial or total use of a brand, a drawing, a patent, a program or authors’ rights without the owner’s authorization, by affirming or allowing the presumption that the copy is authentic”, according to the Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (INSEE).
This is a widespread phenomenon in fashion and luxury goods. It has grown considerably over the past few years to the point of constituting a parallel economy that weighs in at 5-10% of world trade.
Counterfeiting affects sectors as different as automobile parts, electronic devices, and even medical products. It represents a threat for companies (economic loss, deterioration of the brand) as well as for the consumer (fraud, health risks).
The 2015 World Anti-Counterfeiting Day highlighted the field of perfume and cosmetics. As with medication, should these products be falsified, they can seriously threaten consumer health. Counterfeiting is not simply a violation of intellectual copyright, it also often jeopardizes consumer health.