According to many humanitarian aid organizations, including Action contre la Faim (ACF), a new food crisis threatens the Sahel by April 2012. Regions of Niger, Mauritania, Chad, Burkina Faso and parts of other countries in the sub-region suffered lower than usual rainfall that has led to poor cereal harvests.
Deforestation and desertification
Conducted by the International Land Coalition, the CIRAD, and the International Institute for Environment and Development, the report, “Land Rights and the Scramble for Land”, considered the most important contribution made to date on large scale land transactions, sounds the alarm on threats endured by the poor, for they are the ones who suffer the most from this phenomenon, especially women.
The repeated calls for international solidarity from small, island states and those countries most vulnerable to climate threats, expert reports showing a generalised rise in temperatures, and the heightening of extreme climate events, all these proven facts were not enough to develop a strong consensus at the end of the 17th COP, in Durban.
A population boom - 9 billion people expected by 2050 - and rising incomes leading to new food demands paired with the urgent need to preserve our natural capital, our land and water resources that risk deterioration, such is the delicate equation posed by the FAO report, published on Monday, November 28, 2011
The climate is a global, universal issue as demonstrated by the Conferences of Parties to the UN Framework Convention, which has taken place on continent after continent since the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. In June 2012, Rio + 20 will celebrate the 20th anniversary and take stock of achievements.
On Monday 14 to Tuesday 15 November, a few days before the next annual, global event on the climate, Dhaka – the capital of Bangladesh - hosted the Climate Vulnerable Forum. This event brought together 18 countries most vulnerable to climate change with the goal of preparing for the 17th Conference of the Parties on Climate Change.
In November 2006, during the Conference of the Parties in Nairobi, the annual conference on climate change, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) launched the Billion Tree Campaign.
Sustainable development - This crucial concept has only become a part of History relatively recently. The expression became widely used and more importantly, the concept was precisely defined with the publication of the Brundtland Report. Emanating from the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987, the Report laid the foundation for a struggle that has lasted over the past 25 years.
Africa is victim to food insecurity and its natural resources are under sever pressure. Against desertification, a particularly devastating phenonmenon in Africa, and to support the sustainable development of the continent’s dry lands, a tripartite cooperation between Brazil, Africa, and France has been created in anticipation of two major events in 2012: the World Water Forum in Marseille on March 20 and Rio+20 in Rio de Janeiro in June.
Alexandre Valenti and Hilary Sandison’s documentary was broadcast last Tuesday, November 1st on France 5. This accurate, well documented analysis, substantiated by scientific images, offers an X-ray of sorts of the Amazon rainforest’s past and present. As we near Rio + 20, in June 2012 in Rio de Janeiro, this documentary is an ideal gateway to the problems facing the planet’s primary "green lung".